Emerging evidence indicates that the mitral valve is not a passive structure, buteven in adult liferemains dynamic and. Surgical anatomy of the aortic and mitral valves jordan rh hoffman md, david a. A powerful contraction of the left ventricle will send blood through the aortic valve c and into the largest artery of the body, the aorta 6. Imaging the mitral valve requires an understanding of the normal anatomy and how this complex structure is altered by disease states. As we look to the future, mitral valve surgery will continue to evolve and attempting to maximize patient outcome such injury will become increasingly important. Fullerton md, facc university of colorado school of medicine, department of surgery, division of cardiothoracic surgery. Mitral valve prolapse is a common condition and also an important risk factor for developing mitral regurgitation, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, and endocarditis. Pdf imaging the mitral valve requires an understanding of the normal anatomy and how this complex structure is altered by disease states. Anatomy, thorax, mitral valve statpearls ncbi bookshelf. Key components are the mitral annulus, the mitral valve leaflets, the. Pdf anatomy of the mitral valve apparatus role of 2d and.
The full text of this article is available as a pdf 286k. Sponsored supplements branded books journals career network. Anatomy of the mitral valve apparatus role of 2d and 3d. You can now confidently identify 5 components of the mitral valve apparatus. Rana2 1cardiac morphology unit, royal brompton and hare. Anatomy of the mitral valve apparatus role of 2d and 3d echocardiography. Mitral valve disease is a frequent cause of heart failure and death. The normal echocardiographic anatomy of the mitral valve is first presented, and. However, before discussing these pathologic findings, it is important to recognize normal mitral valve anatomy and physiology. This book offers a comprehensive overview of the surgical treatment of heart valve. Since the mitral valve is a complex with a unique arrangement of its component parts within the left ventricle, cross sectional imaging techniques including four dimensional echocardiography allow it to be visualised in its entirety by building up whole series of planes. However, most patients with mitral valve prolapse have a minor alteration of the mitral valve apparatus that is clinically insignificant.502 482 868 1571 537 1491 725 966 510 595 181 1196 692 1406 665 1452 748 1002 979 121 497 335 115 554 87 597 1531 388 1418 138 711 1008 714 344 516 81 1068 1041 648 1162 481 203 1437